Basics of Traumatic Brain Injury

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Definition: Traumatic brain injury is an insult to the brain caused by an external force, that may produce a diminished or altered state of consciousness, which results in impairment of cognitive abilities or physical functioning. These impairments may be either temporary or permanent and cause partial or total functional disability or psychological maladjustment. A traumatic brain injury affects a person not only at a discrete point in time, but throughout that person’s lifetime.

According to the CDC and the National Institutes of Health

The leading causes of TBI are motor vehicle crashes and falls (mostly among the elderly) (Adopted by the Executive Committee of the Board of Directors of the National Head Injury Foundation, 2/22/86 ).